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  • 執筆者の写真Yuko


Both texts, which are concerned with a natural self-maintaining mechanism on the earth, contrast differing views of the active, subjective conservation efforts for wildlife in danger. The aim of this essay is to evaluate these opposing ideas presented in both extracts and the resultant positive and negative impacts on the wildlife ecosystem.

The first author attempts to encourage public concern for unfortunately endangered species on the planet based on the analogy of the prioritised class, which can prey on the lower class, in their society in food cycle. However, taking a tiger as a useful symbol of the upper class he is convincing this essentialness well in an easily understandable manner. Therefore, not only documenting the relations with the human society, but but also he could have developed it deeper by introducing dependence among various other species.

By contrast, the second author attempts to show the objective position against the unfair conservation for wildlife, either dictated by how close the species is to extinction or a large extent of attractiveness to the masses. Reflecting on different ways of scientists' opinions, he is seeking to reveal that the wildlife protection's Myth, in which you can smell something money-driven, such as an unequal selection of cuddly animals to obtain good publicity, is doubtful. Personally, the way the author refers to the value of enormous money for these wild animals’ celebrities proves the resultant negative impacts on our human society.

Taking these two texts into consideration, I am of the opinion that we must be responsible for controlling, or at least decreasing, the speed of fast-moving deformation of our wildlife ecosystem by human activities, not by the need of the market-driven world. The second author's opinion seems to more relevant to me, however, attractive animals can attract various life hazards, which are human beings, such as illegal poachers, trophy hunters and pet manias. Therefore, some measures have to be taken to stop acts of destruction against endangered species; for instance, enforcing laws, cracking down on poachers or forbidding tourism.

From Objective Proficiency P115





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